Osmanlı Vilayeti Musul’un Başına Gelenler

Sezen Kılıç
Alıntı: http://www.atam.gov.tr/dergi/sayi-71/musul-sorunu-ve-lozan

ÖZET

1118’den itibaren bir Selçuklu toprağı ve 1517’den itibaren de bir Osmanlı vilayeti olan Musul, Birinci Dünya Savaşı sona erdikten sonra Mondros Mütarekesi’nin 7. maddesi bahane edilerek İngilizler tarafından işgal edilmiş, bunun üzerine İngilizlerle Türkler arasında şiddetli bir mücadeleye sahne olmuş, sorun silahlı mücadeleyle çözülememiş ve konu Lozan Konferansı’na bırakılmıştır. Musul bu konferansta büyük tartışmalara neden olmuştur. Ancak Musul’un statüsü burada da kesin olarak belirlenemediği için sorunun çözümü bir sonraki görüşmelere ertelenmiş, bu görüşmelerden de bir sonuç alınamaması üzerine 1926 yılında yapılan Ankara Antlaşması’yla İngiliz mandasındaki Irak’a bırakılmıştır. Makalede, Musul’un bugünkü Türkiye Cumhuriyeti toprakları içerisinde yer almamasının nedenleri hakkında bilgi verilecektir.

GİRİŞ

Anadolu ile Asya arasında tarihi bir yol üzerinde bulunan Musul, geçmişte önemli bir kültür ve medeniyet merkezi olduğu gibi yer altı ve yer üstü zenginliğiyle de bir çekim alanı olmuştur. İslamiyetten önce Asur ve Babil uygarlıkları, İslamiyetin yayılmasıyla birlikte Emevî ve Abbasî Devletleri burada kurulmuştur. Musul, Selçuklulara, Zengilere, Erbil Atabeyliği’ne, Karakoyunlu’ya, Akkoyunlu’ya ve Safevilere de yurt olmuş ve Yavuz Sultan Selim zamanında Osmanlı toprağına katılmış ve Kanuni Sultan Süleyman döneminde de bir Osmanlı vilayeti hâline gelmiştir. Musul, 19. yüzyıldan itibaren petrol yataklarıyla batılı ülkelerin dikkatini çekmeye başlamıştır. Osmanlı Devleti’nin Birinci Dünya Savaşı’ndan yenik çıkmasını fırsat bilen ve bölgenin işgali için zaten önceden plan yapan İngiltere, 3 Kasım 1918’de başlattığı askerî harekâtla 15 Kasım 1918’de Musul’u işgal etmiştir. İngiltere, bölgede egemenlik kurabilmek için bölge halkının etnik ve dinî yapısının çeşitliliğini kullanarak bölgede bulunan Müslüman ve gayrimüslimleri Osmanlı Devleti’ne ve birbirlerine karşı kışkırtmıştır. Birinci Dünya Savaşı sırasında bölgede Kürtler, Türkmenler, Araplar, Süryaniler, Keldaniler, Yakubitler, Nesturiler ve Ermeniler yaşamaktadır.

Yazar: Muzaffer Deligöz

Aslen Kastamonu/Araç’lı olan Muzaffer Deligöz, 25.05.1940 tarihinde doğdu. Orta Okulu Araç’ta, Liseyi Kastamonu’da bitiren Muzaffer Deligöz, 1960 yılında Ankara Hukuk Fakültesine kaydoldu. Bu sırada Ankara’da gazeteciliğe başladı. 1963 yılında “İHLAS”, “Kitap Dünyası” “UHUVVET” Gazetelerinde görev aldı. Daha sonra 1964 de İzmir’de “ZÜLFİKAR” Gazetesinde çalıştı. Bu sırada Korgeneral Faruk Güventürk hakkında yayınladığı yazılar sebebiyle 3 ay Cezaevinde kaldı. Generaller, Muzaffer Deligöz’ü Hukuk Fakültesinde öğrenci olmasına rağmen askere sevk ettirdi. Bu sebeple askerliğini Yedek Subay Öğretmen olarak Turgutlu’da yaptı. Askerlik sırasında İlahiyat Fakültesine kaydoldu. Askerlik sonrası Ankara’ya gidince; İstanbul’da yayınlanan “İTTİHAD” Gazetesinin önce meclis muhabirliğini, daha sonra da Ankara Büro Şefliği yaptı. 1968 de İstanbul’a yerleşerek, İttihad Gazetesinin Yazı İşleri Müdürlüğü görevini üstlendi. 1968 Haccında İttihad Gazetesinin Türkçe/Arapça Nüshasını Mekke’de neşrederek bir ilke imza attı. İttihad Gazetesindeki ihtilaflar sebebiyle gazeteden ayrılınca, ”Doğu Haber Ajansı- Eastern News Agency” adıyla Ortadoğu haberleri Türk Basınına veren bir Haber Ajansı kurdu (1970). Kesintilerle devam eden ajans halen Ortadoğu’dan Ekonomik haberler vermekte. 1968 de Milli Türk Talebe Birliğinin Basın-Yayın Müdürlüğünü de yapan Muzaffer Deligöz, görevde kaldığı sürece “Milli Gençlik Dergisi”ni de yayınladı. 1971 de Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı Basın Bürosunda görev alan Muzaffer Deligöz, “Diyanet” Dergisi ile “Diyanet” Gazetesinin ilk çıkışlarında görev aldı. 1973 de yayın hayatına giren “Milli Gazete”nin kuruluşunu ve İlk Yazı İşleri ve Genel Yayın Müdürlüğünü yaptı. 1981 tarihinde Suudi Arabistan’a giden Muzaffer Deligöz, 1981-1992 yıları arasında Suudi Tanıtma Bakanlığının ve Türk Elçiliğinin akredite ettiği gazeteci olarak çalıştı. Bu süre içinde; İslam Haberler Ajansının Türkiye temsilcisi ve Doğu Haber Ajansı olarak İslam Ülkeleri haberlerini Türk gazetelerine gönderdi. Yine bu süre içinde Türk için Hac süresinde yayınlanan “TÜRKÇE GAZETE” yi 6 yıl Türkçe olarak çıkardı.. 1992 yılında Türkiye’ye döndükten sonra çeşitli çalışmalar yapan Muzaffer Deligöz; 6 yıl “ÜSKÜDAR Fm” Radyosunun Danışmanı, 1 yıl da “Radyo Çağ”ın Genel Müdürü olarak görev yaptı.

“Osmanlı Vilayeti Musul’un Başına Gelenler” için 23 yorum

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